Global Inventory of Separated Plutonium 2021
(Data: End of 2019)
*Balance in INFCIRC/549. Thought to be owned by the Netherlands, Italy, Spain, Switzerland and Germany.
Military: Plutonium used in nuclear warheads or stored for use in weapons; plutonium that is reserved for possible military uses in the future.
Non-military: Plutonium separate-ed from spent nuclear fuel from a nuclear reactor for non-military purposes; plutonium declared as surplus for nuclear weapons.
The stockpile of fissile materials includes estimated ones with large uncertainties and thus total quantities are expressed in rounded numbers.
Source: International Panel on Fissile Materials (2021), Podvig and Snyder (2019), IAEA INFCIRC/549 (2021)
©: RECNA Fissile Material Data Monitoring Team
International Panel on Fissile Materials (IPFM), “Fissile Material Stocks”, April 2021, http://fissilematerials.org/
Pavel Podvig and Ryan Snyder, “Watch Them Go: Simplifying the Elimination of Fissile Materials and Nuclear Weapons”, August 15, 2019. United Nations
Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR).
Hui Zhang, “China’s Fissile Material Production and Stockpile”, International Panel on Fissile Materials, 2017, http://fissilematerials.org/library/rr17.pdf
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Harold A. Feiveson, Alexander Glaser, Zia Mian, & Frank von Hippel: “Unmaking the Bomb,” MIT Press, 2014.
Communication Received from Japan Concerning its Policies Regarding the Management of Plutonium (INFCIRC/549/Add.1-23), 4 September 2020. https://www.iaea.org/sites/default/files/publications/documents/infcircs/1998/infcirc549a1-23.pdf
Communication Received from Germany Concerning its Policies Regarding the Management of Plutonium (INFCIRC/549/Add.2-23), 28 August 2020. https://www.iaea.org/sites/default/files/publications/documents/infcircs/1998/infcirc549a2-23.pdf
Communication Received from Belgium Concerning its Policies Regarding the Management of Plutonium (INFCIRC/549/Add.3-19), 18 May 2020. https://www.iaea.org/sites/default/files/publications/documents/infcircs/1998/infcirc549a3-19.pdf
Communication Received from Switzerland Concerning its Policies Regarding the Management of Plutonium (INFCIRC/549/Add.4-24), 20 August 2020, https://www.iaea.org/sites/default/files/publications/documents/infcircs/1998/infcirc549a4-24.pdf
Communication Received from France Concerning its Policies Regarding the Management of Plutonium (INFCIRC/549/Add.5-24), 28 August 2020. https://www.iaea.org/sites/default/files/publications/documents/infcircs/1998/infcirc549a5-24.pdf
Communication Received from the United States of America Concerning its Policies Regarding the Management of Plutonium (INFCIRC/549/Add.6-22), 11 October 2019. https://www.iaea.org/sites/default/files/publications/documents/infcircs/1998/infcirc549a6-22.pdf
Communication Received from China Concerning its Policies Regarding the Management of Plutonium (INFCIRC/549/Add.7-16). 18 October 2017. https://www.iaea.org/sites/default/files/publications/documents/infcircs/1998/infcirc549a7-16.pdf
Communication Received from the United Kingdom Concerning its Policies Regarding the Management of Plutonium (INFCIRC/549/Add.8-23), 11 January 2021. https://www.iaea.org/sites/default/files/publications/documents/infcircs/1998/infcirc549a8-23.pdf
Communication Received from the Russian Federation Concerning its Policies Regarding the Management of Plutonium (INFCIRC/549/Add.9-22), 8 January 2021. https://www.iaea.org/sites/default/files/publications/documents/infcircs/1998/infcirc549a9-22.pd
Website “Kakujoho”(Nuclear Information), “Federation of Electric Power Companies rationalizes reprocessing policy by explaining the ‘dream’ of plutonium utilization”, (in Japanese), April 6, 2021. http://kakujoho.net/npp/pu_fepc.html#r1
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