Global Inventory of Highly Enriched Uranium 2017

(Data: End of 2015)


Country Military Use(ton) Non-military Use(ton)
Russia 670.0 9.0
US 468.6 98.6
France 26.0 4.653
China 18.0 0.24
UK 19.8 1.398
Israel 0.3 0.002
Pakistan 3.3 0.017
India 3.6 0.005
North Korea 0.042  
Weapon Countries
Total 1209.6 128.9


Military: HEU used in nuclear warheads or stored for use in weapons; HEU used in reactor fuel for naval nuclear propulsion (including spent fuel)

Non-military: HEU used in fuel for research and testing reactors; HEU declared as surplus for military purposes.

The stockpile of fissile materials includes estimated ones with large uncertainties and thus total quantities are expressed in rounded numbers.

©RECNA Fissile Material Data Monitoring Team

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David Albright and Serena Kelleher-Vergantini 2015: ”Civil HEU Watch -Tracking Inventories of Civil Highly Enriched Uranium- National and Global Stocks, as of End 2014.”

Frank von Hippe 2016: “Banning the Production of Highly Enriched Uranium.” http://

French Republic 2016: INFCIRC/549/Add.5/20 (14 December 2016),

Harold A. Feiveson, Alexander Glaser, Zia Mian, & Frank von Hippel: “Unmaking the Bomb,” MIT Press, 2014.

IPFM 2015: “Global Fissile Material Report 2015: Nuclear Weapon and Fissile Material Stockpiles and Production.”

IPFM 2016: “Materials: Highly-enriched uranium (1 April 2016).”

IPFM Blog 2016-1: “Indonesia is now free of HEU,” August 29, 2016.

IPFM Blog 2016-2: “All HEU fuel removed from Poland,” September 26, 2016.

NTI 2016: “Civilian HEU: Who Has What?”,

United Kingdom 2017: INFCIRC/549/Add.8/19 (18 January 2017),

United States of America 2016-1: FACT SHEET: United States Military Nuclear Material Security (31 March 2016),

United States of America 2016-2: FACT SHEET: Transparency in the U.S. Highly Enriched Uranium Inventory (31 March 2016),

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