Global Inventory of Highly Enriched Uranium 2016

(Data: End of 2014)


Country Military Use(ton) Non-military Use(ton)
Russia 670.0 9.0
US 517.0 82.0
France 26.0 4.653
China 18.0 0.24
UK 19.8 1.398
Israel 0.3 0.002
Pakistan 3.1 0.017
India 3.2 0.005
North Korea 0.042  
Weapon Countries
Total 1257.4 122.3


Military: HEU used in nuclear warheads or stored for use in weapons; HEU used in reactor fuel for naval nuclear propulsion (including spent fuel)

Non-military: HEU used in fuel for research and testing reactors; HEU declared as surplus for military purposes.

The stockpile of fissile materials includes estimated ones with large uncertainties and thus total quantities are expressed in rounded numbers.

©RECNA Fissile Material Data Monitoring Team

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David Albright and Serena Kelleher-Vergantini 2015: ”Civil HEU Watch -Tracking Inventories of Civil Highly Enriched Uranium- National and Global Stocks, as of End 2014.”

Federal Republic of Germany 2015: INFCIRC/549/Add.2/18 (28 August 2015),

Frank von Hippe 2016: “Banning the Production of Highly Enriched Uranium.” http://

French Republic 2015: INFCIRC/549/Add.5/19 (28 August 2015),

Harold A. Feiveson, Alexander Glaser, Zia Mian, & Frank von Hippel: “Unmaking the Bomb,” MIT Press, 2014.

IPFM 2015: “Global Fissile Material Report 2015: Nuclear Weapon and Fissile Material Stockpiles and Production.”

IPFM 2016: “Materials: Highly-enriched uranium (1 April 2016).” http:/

NTI 2016: “Civilian HEU: Who Has What?”,

United Kingdom 2015: INFCIRC/549/Add.8/18 (8 October 2015),

United States of America 2016-1: FACT SHEET: United States Military Nuclear Material Security (31 March 2016),

United States of America 2016-2: FACT SHEET: Transparency in the U.S. Highly Enriched Uranium Inventory (31 March 2016),

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