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2023年2月24日

Research Center for Nuclear Weapons Abolition, Nagasaki University (RECNA) issued Statement on February 24, 2023.


 

Statement on the One-Year Anniversary of Russian Invasion of Ukraine

Research Center for Nuclear Weapons Abolition, Nagasaki University (RECNA)
February 24, 2023

One year has passed since the Russian invasion of Ukraine that began on February 24, 2022. There is still no clear path to a ceasefire agreement, and the number of casualties is continuously increasing. On the 21st of this month, Russian President Vladimir Putin announced the suspension of implementation of the New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (New START), the only remaining arms control and disarmament treaty between the United States and Russia. On the 23rd he declared that Russia would increase the nuclear capabilities of its land, sea, and air forces. Tensions between the United States and Russia are rising. If the treaty, which has contributed to confidence-building through mutual on-site inspections and periodic consultations, becomes void and Russia returns to the path of nuclear arms expansion, the risk of the use of nuclear weapons will increase and the path to nuclear disarmament may be closed.

RECNA strongly condemns Russia’s stance and urges it to immediately cease its acts of aggression, accompanied by nuclear blackmail, and to work to restore international order based on law. Suspending the implementation of New START and announcing an increase in nuclear capability is also an act in violation of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), which mandates negotiations to achieve nuclear disarmament. Russia should immediately withdraw its suspension of implementation and nuclear force buildup and establish a new framework for arms control and disarmament.

In the context of increased dependence on nuclear deterrence, the responsibility of the other nuclear weapon states, including the United States, as well as the nuclear umbrella states, should also be called into question. In the wake of the invasion of Ukraine and the increased nuclear risk, Europe, Northeast Asia, and other regions are becoming more dependent on nuclear deterrence and are accelerating their arms expansions. Division and confrontation between countries with different interests has deepened, and a situation that should be called a “security dilemma” is now underway.

All nuclear armed states and “nuclear umbrella” states must thoroughly adhere to the “non-use of nuclear weapons” norm that has been in place for more than 77 years, and make the utmost effort to reduce the risk of nuclear weapons use. To this end, they should return to the principle of “a nuclear war cannot be won and must never be fought,” which was reaffirmed in the statement of the five nuclear weapon states on January 3, 2022. It is also significant that the G20 Summit Declaration (November 15, 2022), which includes Russia, clearly states that “the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons is inadmissible.” Nuclear weapon states and nuclear umbrella states have the responsibility to prioritize nuclear risk reduction measures, including confidence building and thorough implementation of crisis management measures, as well as to take steps toward more drastic reduction of the role of nuclear weapons.

Finally, every nation is expected to make efforts to overcome the “security dilemma” and explore ways to achieve common security. The recommendations issued by Group of Eminent Persons for Substantive Advancement of Nuclear Disarmament (March 29, 2018) noted that nuclear deterrence is “a dangerous long-term basis for global security” and that “all states should seek a better long-term solution.” The upcoming Hiroshima G7 Summit must be the starting point for creative discussions on overcoming nuclear deterrence.

>> RECNA’s EYE

 

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2023年1月8日

Vol.5, Issue 2 of Journal for Peace and Nuclear Disarmament (J-PAND) is now available online. There are 18 open access articles.

For the issue, see here. We have collaborated with the Asia-Pacific Leadership Network for Nuclear Non-Proliferation and Disarmament and the Toda Peace Institute in editing this special issue on “A Nuclear Trilemma in Southern Asia: China, India, and Pakistan.”
 

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2022年12月5日


IMPLICATIONS OF THE UKRAINE WAR FOR ROK SECURITY


CHEON Myeongguk
 
December 5, 2022


This report is published under a 4.0 International Creative Commons License the terms of which are found here.
 
This report is simultaneously published by the Asia-Pacific Leadership Network, Nautilus Institute, and the Research Center for Nuclear Weapons Abolition, Nagasaki University (RECNA).
 
The views expressed in this report do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of the Nautilus Institute. Readers should note that Nautilus seeks a diversity of views and opinions on significant topics in order to identify common ground.

 

Abstract

In this essay, CHEON Myeongguk explores the possible implications of the Ukraine conflict on the ROK attitudes regarding nuclear weapons. He concludes that the “ROK’s indigenous nuclear option would be a last resort as a deterrence measure against DPRK’s nuclear threat. This option would only be considered by the ROK if Donald Trump were reelected as President of the United States and decided to withdraw US forces from the Korean Peninsula and eventually withdraw the US nuclear umbrella protecting the ROK from DPRK aggression.”

CHEON Myeongguk is a visiting researcher at the Korea Institute for Defense Analyses (KIDA) working on DPRK weapons of mass destruction threats such as nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons and ballistic missiles. Deterrence, protection, counter measures, consequence management, and arms control are also included in his research scopes.
This essay is a contribution to the “Reducing the Risk of Nuclear Weapons Use in Northeast Asia” (NU-NEA) project, a collaboration between the Research Center for Nuclear Weapons Abolition, Nagasaki University, Nautilus Institute, and the Asia Pacific Leadership Network for Nuclear non-proliferation and Disarmament, is to reduce and minimize the risk that nuclear weapons will be used in the region by developing better understandings of the processes that could lead to the first use of nuclear weapons and the potential outcomes of such nuclear weapons use. In the first year of this three-year project, the NU-NEA project team identified over 25 plausible nuclear weapons “use cases” that could start in Northeast Asia, sometimes leading to broader conflict beyond the region. These nuclear use cases are described in the report Possible Nuclear Use Cases in Northeast Asia: Implications for Reducing Nuclear Risk. The project has commissioned five contributions to update the cases in light of the Ukraine conflict, of which this essay is the fifth.

Keywords: Republic of Korea, Russia, Ukraine, North Korea, Nuclear Weapons, Northeast Asia, Deterrence

Authors’ Profile:
CHEON Myeongguk is a visiting researcher at the Korea Institute for Defense Analyses (KIDA) working on DPRK weapons of mass destruction threats such as nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons and ballistic missiles. Deterrence, protection, counter measures, consequence management, and arms control are also included in his research scopes.

Full text (PDF) is here.
The page for this project is here.
nu-nea_project2021-2023
 

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2022年11月22日

RECNA Newsletter Vol.11 No.1 (September 30, 2022)

Newsletter Vol.11 No.1 _ The TPNW First Meeting of States Parties: Report from Vienna
— Masao Tomonaga

The TPNW First Meeting of States Parties: Working Paper on Victim Assistance
— Satoshi Hirose

“Nagasaki Before the A-Bomb” Slide Materials and “Aerial Photo Archive”
— Mitsuhiro Hayashida

Launch of Panel on Peace and Security of Northeast Asia (PSNA) 2
— Tatsujiro Suzuki

2022 Nagasaki Peace Declaration – Time to Regain an Awareness of Civil Society’s Role
— Satoshi Hirose

Nagasaki Youth Delegation Visits New York
— Myogyon Kan, Ami Inohara

[Full text] * Citation URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10069/00041906

 

Category TOPICS
2022年11月7日

image
image: Nautilus Institute 2002 photo Khasan Border town looking south along Tuman River, DPRK is on other side of river in distance, China is middle-ground and to right (white observation post in middle is in China), Russia is foreground and to left/south and right/north)


POTENTIAL IMPLICATIONS OF THE WAR IN UKRAINE FOR NORTHEAST ASIA


Anastasia Barannikova
 
November 7, 2022


This report is published under a 4.0 International Creative Commons License the terms of which are found here.
 
This report is simultaneously published by the Asia-Pacific Leadership Network, Nautilus Institute, and the Research Center for Nuclear Weapons Abolition, Nagasaki University (RECNA).
 
The views expressed in this report do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of the Nautilus Institute. Readers should note that Nautilus seeks a diversity of views and opinions on significant topics in order to identify common ground.

 

Abstract

In this essay, Anastasia Barannikova argues that although the situation in Ukraine does not affect Russia’s nuclear posture/strategy in Northeast Asia directly, indirect impacts of the situation in Ukraine on Russia’s nuclear policies in this region cannot be ruled out. Examples of such indirect impacts include changes in nuclear weapons planning and deployment by the United States and China under the pretext or because of the Ukraine situation, a change in the nuclear weapons status of one or more of the non-nuclear states in the region, or the breaking out of a military conflict over Taiwan or on the Korean peninsula.

Anastasia Barannikova is a research fellow at ADM Nevelskoy Maritime State University (Vladivostok, Russia) and non-resident senior fellow of Mongolian Institute of Northeast Asian Security and Strategy (Mongolia).

This essay is a contribution to the “Reducing the Risk of Nuclear Weapons Use in Northeast Asia” (NU-NEA) project, a collaboration between the Research Center for Nuclear Weapons Abolition, Nagasaki University, Nautilus Institute, and the Asia Pacific Leadership Network for Nuclear non-proliferation and Disarmament, is to reduce and minimize the risk that nuclear weapons will be used in the region by developing better understandings of the processes that could lead to the first use of nuclear weapons and the potential outcomes of such nuclear weapons use. In the first year of this three-year project, the NU-NEA project team identified over 25 plausible nuclear weapons “use cases” that could start in Northeast Asia, sometimes leading to broader conflict beyond the region. These nuclear use cases are described in the report Possible Nuclear Use Cases in Northeast Asia: Implications for Reducing Nuclear Risk. The project has commissioned five contributions to update the cases in light of the Ukraine conflict, of which this essay is the fourth.

Keywords:  Russia, Ukraine, Nuclear Weapons, Northeast Asia

Authors’ Profile:
Anastasia Barannikova is a research fellow at ADM Nevelskoy Maritime State University (Vladivostok, Russia) and non-resident senior fellow of Mongolian Institute of Northeast Asian Security and Strategy (Mongolia).

Full text (PDF) is here.
The page for this project is here.
 

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